"Some of These Days" became a signature song for Sophie Tucker, who made the first of her several recordings of it in 1911. Ted Lewis and his band backed Tucker on her classic, million-selling 1926 recording, which stayed in the #1 position on the charts for five weeks beginning November 23, 1926, and re-affirmed her lasting association with the song.
The song has been recorded by many other artists, including Charley Patton, Louis Armstrong, Elkie Brooks, Cab Calloway, Bobby Darin, Andrew Bird, Judy Garland, Susan Maughan, the McGuire Sisters, the Original Dixieland Jass Band, Sue Raney, Coco Briaval and Serena Ryder.
"Some of These Days" made the first of many movie soundtrack appearances in Lights of New York (1928), the first "all talking" motion picture, being one of several songs played by the house band of the nightclub where the film is set. Sophie Tucker herself sang "Some of These Days" in character as a nightclub singer in the 1929 film Honky Tonk with reprise performances (as herself) in Broadway Melody of 1938 and Follow the Boys (1944).
Other films to feature the song include Scarface and Three on a Match both 1932 releases and both featuring actress Ann Dvorak dancing to the song: in Scarface the song is played in a nightclub by Gus Arnheim's band while in Three on a Match Dvorak dances while actor Harry Seymour plays "Some of These Days" on a piano.
In the 1936 version of Rose-Marie Jeanette MacDonald as the title character attempts a lyric soprano rendition of "Some of These Days" in a Klondike café whose regular vocalist (Gilda Gray) upstages McDonald with an earthy performance of the song. "Some of These Days" was also featured in the 1939 release Only Angels Have Wings in which Jean Arthur plays the song on the piano in a cantina.
Other soundtrack appearances of the song include:
- Leland Palmer, Ann Reinking and Erzsebet Foldi perform the song in the film All That Jazz (1979).
- Cab Calloway's recording appears on the soundtrack of Forbidden Zone (1980), with Oingo Boingo member Gene Cunningham in the role of Papa Hercules lip synching Calloway's vocals.
- Kevin Spacey, playing Bobby Darin, performs the song over the closing credits of the film Beyond the Sea (2004).
- The HBO original series Boardwalk Empire used this song in its first episode as well as the episode "Belle Femme", Season 1, Episode 9.
- The song, or a particular recording of it, is a recurrent theme in Jean-Paul Sartre's 1938 novel Nausea.
- In the 1920-set HBO drama, Boardwalk Empire, the 1911 version of the song by Sophie Tucker is played in the pilot episode. In the ninth episode, Sophie Tucker appears as a character (played by Kathy Brier) in a Cabaret show and sings the song.